BOOK: The Person and Ministry of the Holy Spirit
Chapter 4.1: Introduction

4.1    Introduction

There are nine spiritual or charismatic gifts:
word of wisdom,
word of knowledge,
discerning of spirits,
(special) faith,
working of miracles,
gifts of healing,
divers kinds of tongues, and
interpretation of tongues

I Cor     12:1-12
Now concerning spiritual gifts, brethren, I would not have you ignorant.
Ye know that ye were Gentiles, carried away unto these dumb idols, even as ye were led.
Wherefore I give you to understand, that no man speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed:
and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost.
Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.
And there are differences of administrations, but the same Lord.
And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which worketh all in all.
But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal.
For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;
To another faith by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit;
To another the working of miracles; to another prophecy; to another discerning of spirits;
to another divers kinds of tongues; to another the interpretation of tongues:
But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as he will.
For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of that one body,
being many, are one body: so also is Christ.


These gifts (charisma) are given by the Holy Spirit, to equip us to be able to perform the work of the Body of Christ in a supernatural way.

These gifts are "tools" for us to us in preaching the word of God to the unsaved world, confirming the truth with signs and wonders, thru the working of the Holy Spirit.

A.     Attracting attention to the truth.

B.      To proclaim Jesus as Lord (verses 2-3), which is also confirming the truth.

C.      To proclaim God's power and majesty to the world (demonstration).

D.      Ministering to the needs of the Body of Christ, that is God meeting needs in a supernatural way.

A.    The gifts are manifested as we move with the Holy Spirit, acting in faith.  The gifts may also manifest at times we are not expecting them to because they function as the Holy Spirit wills.  The balance is in that the Holy Spirit is moved by faith.

B.    All these gifts operated in and under the Old Testament, except tongues and interpretation.  Tongues and interpretation are signs of and specific to the New Testament.  This is why you don't see tongues and interpretation until the baptism of the Holy Spirit upon believers.  All gifts, except tongues and interpretation, can be manifested to a lesser degree before the baptism of the Holy Spirit; however, the baptism brings the anointing of the Holy Spirit without measure or limit, and allows the potential for the full manifestation of the gifts, as we grow and yield to the leading of the Holy Spirit.


We divide and isolate the individual gifts to define them only.  Normally, two or more gifts will operate at the same time. They may function at the same time (e.g., prophecy and word of wisdom), or they may flow from one to another without an obvious breaking point (e.g., interpretation and prophecy).

The gifts are divided into three groups, defining their general type of operation:

A.    the revelation gifts (reveal something): 
word of wisdom
word of knowledge
discerning of spirits

B.    the power gifts (do something by supernatural power):
(special) faith
working of miracles
gifts of healing

C.    the spoken gifts (speak something):
divers kinds of tongues
interpretation of tongues